EPISTEMOLOGICAL BASES AND METHODS IN GEOGRAPHY: The relationship between Geography, Philosophy and other Sciences. Historical context, Modernity and Geographic Science. Philosophical matrices that influence Geography. Epistemology of Geography and Geographic Thought: systematization and actuality. Scientific methodology and geographic research. Geographic Research Method and Methodology.
CATEGORIES AND CONCEPTS OF GEOGRAPHY: The nature of geographic space. The production of geographical space. Space as a whole. The categories of analysis of Geography: place, landscape, region and territory. Fundamental concepts for geographic research: State, daily life and time.
THEORIES AND DYNAMICS OF NATURE: Environmental epistemology. Time-space relationship in geoenvironmental studies. Society-nature relations, use of land and natural resources. Integration of concepts and themes from geography for environmental analysis. Socio-environmental relations in the production of the Bahian space.
GEOMORPHOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT: Geomorphology in environmental sciences. The geoenvironmental analysis of the processes and structure of the Bahian relief. Structure and dynamics of Atlantic forest and semi-arid landscapes. Analysis of parameters of the physical environment and interpretation of morphogenetic processes. Conservation and environmental degradation in environmental preservation areas in Bahia.
DYNAMICS OF LANDSCAPES IN NORTHEAST BRAZIL The theoretical and methodological bases of the geoenvironmental study. The mastery of the Brazilian semiarid in the context of the great natural landscapes of South America. The diversity of the landscapes of Northeast Brazil. The resizing of the semiarid. Morphoclimatic domains of Northeast Brazil: Atlantic Forest domain, Caatinga domain, Cerrado domains. Conservation Units and parks in Bahia and Brazil.
DYNAMICS AND TRANSFORMATIONS OF NATURE: Concepts of nature and landscape. Nature society relations. New rhythms of nature. Atlantic Forest landscapes, Caatinga landscapes and the Diamantina plateau. Environmental damage and risks in the productive spaces of Bahia. Variations and Climate Change. The drought phenomenon in Brazil. The dynamics of the environment in the semiarid. Living with the semi-arid region in Bahia.
HYDROGRAPHY AND DYNAMICS OF WATERS: Conceptual basis of hydrography. Physiographic elements of a watershed. Fluvial morphometry and dynamics. Water balance and anthropogenic effects in the drainage basin. Erosive processes and slopes. Geoenvironmental aspects in hydrographic basins. Water use and management practices in semi-arid and humid climate basins. Study of preservation and conservation areas of river springs and riparian forests.
GEOTECHNOLOGIES APPLIED TO ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES: Geographic Information System and Geoprocessing in the context of Geographic Science. Geotechnology data sources. Main applications of geotechnologies in Geography. Applications of geotechnologies in socio-environmental approaches. Production of Thematic Mapping and Environmental Analysis by Geoprocessing.
CARTOGRAPHY APPLIED TO RESEARCH: Applications of Systematic Cartography and Remote Sensing. Collection of geographic data processing. Spatial analysis operations on geographic data. Applications of geotechnologies in environmental studies. Spatial analysis applied to geographic research.
THEORIES OF URBAN SPACE: Theories about urban space and cities. Urban space production. Relationship between space and time in urban production. Urbanization and production process of the territory, the networks of the Bahian and Brazilian territory.
SOCIAL PROCESSES AND URBAN SPACE: Contemporary geographical processes of urban form production. Structure, morphology and territoriality of the urban space. Urban centrality and dispersion. Social housing processes and the uses of urban space. Social movements, housing and uses of urban space.
URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT: The insertion of urban planning in the theoretical framework of Geography. Principles and concepts of urban planning and management. Planning and Management as instruments for the development and production of urban space.
PRODUCTION OF THE BAIAN SPACE: The production process of the Bahian space and the socioeconomic assumptions. The Structure, morphology and territoriality of Bahian spaces. The intra-city and inter-city scales of medium and small cities. Socio-spatial characteristics of small and medium-sized cities in Bahia and urban problems. Socio-spatial characteristics of the metropolitan region of Salvador and urban problems. The recent dynamics of Bahia. The role of Bahian cities in local, regional and national networks.
TERRITORIAL ANALYSIS: Conceptual framework: space and territory; territorial ordering and analysis; identities and territorialities; Geographic scales and territorial analysis. Methodological instruments for the analysis of structures, processes and territorial configurations. Territory, scales of action and networks of power. The dimension