As the primary source of the biological diversity, the genetic diversity should be estimated and evaluated under distinct complexity levels. Therefore, the genetic studies are informative tools to biodiversity conservation. The studies in this area focus mainly on the understanding of evolutionary, phylogenetic and biogeographic processes and relationships to the resolution of taxonomic uncertainties, inferences about genetic structure and to evaluation of the interaction between genotypes and environment. These data are essential to successful conservation programmes and to the sustainable utilization of local genetic resources.
Ana Maria Waldschmidt
Antônio Carlos de Oliveira
Fernando Jorge Guimarães Serqueira
Juvenal Cordeiro Silva Junior
Maria Iracilda da Cunha Sampaio
Paulo Luiz Souza Carneiro
Paulo Roberto Antunes de Mello Affonso